The Gas Appliances Directive sets out legal requirements that in future will apply across the European Union. Member countries are required to amend their existing legislation, or to introduce new legislation that conforms with the requirements of the directive. The United Kingdom has implemented that gas appliances (safety) regulations to conform with the directive.
The main provisions of the new regulations are:
a) Appliances must be safe
b) Appliances must be tested
c) Appliances must be quality guaranteed. This means that during the manufacturing process the manufacturer must operate a quality scheme of some type, such as BS 5750, to ensure that all appliances conform to the tested design. This scheme will be monitored by the 'notified bodies'
d) Appliances must carry the CE mark
European Standards are currently being compiled. For some appliances, where no European Standard is planned, the National Standards (in this country, British Standards) may be recognised. This, for example, will apply to the British type of gas fire.
This act applies to everyone concerned with work activities, ranging from employers, self-employed, and employees, to designers, suppliers and importers of materials for use at work, and people in control of premises. The duties apply both to individual people, and to corporations, companies, partnerships, local authorities etc. Employers have a duty to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all employees, and not to expose people who are not their employees to risks to their health and safety.
These regulations impose a duty on employers and self employed persons to make suitable and sufficient assessment of risks to the health and safety of employees, and non-employees affected by their work. It also requires effective planning and review of protective measures, health surveillance, emergency procedures, information and training.
These regulations require employers to report specified occupational injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences (events) to the HSE. Certain gas incidents are reportable by suppliers of gas through fixed pipe distribution systems and gas installers are required to report certain dangerous gas appliances to the HSE.
These regulations address the various aspects of building design and construction which include energy conservation and health and safety. The secretary of state has approved a number of documents under the building regulations 2000 as practical (non-mandatory) guidance to meeting the requirements under the regulations. Similar 'deemed to satisfy' guidance is provided in technical handbooks of the building (Scotland) regulations 2004. The documents that particularly relate to gas work in domestic premises are:
Part A - Structure
Part B - Fire safety
Part F - Ventilation
Part G3 - Hot Water Storage
Part J - Combustion appliances and fuel storage systems
Part L - Conservation of Fuel and Power
Part M - Access to and Use of buildings
Part P - Electrical Safety
Section 1 - Structure
Section 2 - Fire
Section 3 - Environment
Section 4 - Safety
Section 6 - Energy
British Standards' specifications are an invaluable guide to the installation of gas appliances. If Followed, These Standards will satisfy the requirements of current regulations. The following is a selection of some of the important British Standards Specifications relating to Domestic Gas Appliances, which give guidance on the minimum standard that appliance installations should comply with, to satisfy current Regulations:
Manufacturer's instructions are important for the installation, commissioning, maintenance and use of any gas appliance. These instructions must be read and followed. After installation of the appliance or subsequent maintenance of it, the instructions must be returned to the consumer so that they may store them for future reference. This includes user and installation/servicing instructions. (This is a requirement of the Gas Safety Regulations)
Here a landlord is expected to do the following:
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